Burstone’s Biomechanical Foundation of Clinical Orthodontics

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Choy, Kwangchul
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Burstone’s Biomechanical Foundation of Clinical Orthodontics

Kwangchul Choy

Dr Charles Burstone was a pioneer in orthodontic biomechanics, and his legacy lives on this second edition of his book, with Dr Kwangchul Choy at the helm.
This textbook has taught thousands of orthodontists the importance of understanding biomechanics to ensure healthy, predictable movements in clinical practice, and this new edition will undoubtedly do the same for the new generations of students.
Technology continues to advance in orthodontics, but no technology can replace a sound understanding of how the teeth move in their periodontal apparatus and how they can be pushed or pulled to get where they need to be.
This book is the difference between an orthodontist who can move teeth and one who can plan cases with predictability and achieve the sought-after results.


Part I. The Basics and Single-Force Appliances

  1. Why We Need Biomechanics
  2. Concurrent Force Systems
  3. Nonconcurrent Force Systems and Forces on a Free Body
  4. Headgear
  5. The Creative Use of Maxillomandibular Elastics
  6. Single Forces and Deep Bite Correction by Intrusion
  7. Deep Bite Correction by Posterior Extrusion
  8. Equilibrium

Part II. The Biomechanics of Tooth Movement

  1. The Biomechanics of Altering Tooth Position
  2. 3D Concepts in Tooth Movement
  3. Orthodontic Anchorage

Part III. Advanced Appliance Therapy

  1. Lingual Arches
  2. Extraction Therapies and Space Closure
  3. Forces from Wires and Brackets
  4. Principles of Statically Determinate Appliances and Creative Mechanics

Part IV. Advanced Mechanics of Materials

  1. The Role of Friction in Orthodontic Appliances
  2. Properties and Structures of Orthodontic Wire Materials
  3. How to Select an Archwire

Part V. Appendices

  • Hints for Developing Useful Force Diagrams
  • Glossary
  • Solutions to Problems
  • Bender’s Tool Kit


Charles J. Burstone*  • Kwangchul Choy • Giorgio Fiorelli • A. Jon Goldberg • Paola Merlo • Rodrigo F. Viecilli